How do logistics and the Internet of Things (IoT) integrate?

IoT and logistics are getting closer and closer: today they integrate to offer better, more punctual, and different services, in a technological evolution useful for all.

Let’s take a look at some examples.

What is and what is meant by logistics: some details

We have always linked freight transport to logistics. In reality, logistics is a very delicate process that combines the recovery of raw materials and pieces, storage in the warehouse, and positioning in the departments. This is also responsible for the packaging of the goods and their transport. Good organization and careful planning is the key part of a company’s success.

As we have said, logistics deals with different phases, for this reason, we must be able to distinguish:

  • incoming logistics: this is responsible for managing the warehouse, interacting with the transporters, checking stocks in the warehouse;
  • internal logistics: deals with the sorting of material, personnel, and information within the department;
  • distribution logistics: has the task of distributing the goods according to the agreements between the company and the customer;
  • return logistics: transport the returns and their subsequent sorting.

The priority objectives of the logistics companies are:

  • Just-in-time deliveries, i.e. the production and supply of products based on customer requests;
  • Supply chain visibility, monitor performance, and improve efficiency.
  • Transparency of the product life cycle refers to all phases of its evolution;
  • Quality services.

What is iot?

The real and virtual worlds are increasingly interconnected; fundamental are the continuous innovations in the field of artificial intelligence, cloud and augmented reality. The way companies design, monitor and manage their resources is rapidly changing, also thanks to the Internet of Things. With this expression we want to indicate the connection between all objects thanks to digital technology, as well as the ability to exchange information and data between them. Through this technology, for example, it is possible to trace the entire process that carries out the goods in real time.

In practice, with the internet of things, all objects can acquire an active role thanks to the connection to the network; this basically means mapping the real world through the electronic one.

In this context, one of the first concrete examples is constituted by RFID tags and GPS controllers, but the IETF 6LoWPAN, RPL, and CoAP protocols must also be mentioned, which are capable of creating an IP network of objects that can communicate with the network. .

The internet of things connected to logistics: current possibilities and future scenarios

Among the novelties of the sector, we find the implementation of Digital Twins, representations of reality for the creation of products or machinery that reduce timing and improve efficiency in order to avoid errors. In the world of logistics, the latter can be used for container management, shipment tracking, the design of goods handling and shipping systems.

Furthermore, a further positive aspect is given by the use of “connected” packaging: the combination of packaging and its content is also convenient for the company, which can choose the most suitable packaging for each transport, thus using lighter materials, resistant and sustainable from an environmental point of view.

In the near future, we will see the evolution of self-driving vehicles. It will be the logistics companies that will benefit from it, given the lack of drivers in contrast with the increase in freight traffic. From the tracking of warehouse logistics to intelligent applications for the transport of goods, the entire supply chain linked to the logistics world will benefit from the integration with the IoT.

An example of the effectiveness of this integration is also the use of drones – in evolution – for the delivery of non-heavy or bulky goods.

These connected devices and objects can connect to data analysis software and in this way transmit information relating to the consumer directly to computers and analysis software.

If you want to know more about IoT in the logistics sector, we recommend that you also take a look at this article on the evolution of transport with platooning.

If you want to know the transport solutions we offer, choose your category of interest, and enter a free request: you will have a fleet of efficient and reliable carriers at your disposal. Enter your request here for free.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!