Chemical products have always existed in our lives

Chemical products ensure that we have heat and electricity; We can buy goods and clothes; And we have constant access to telecommunications, media and music no matter where we are. Many of the changes we observe in the natural world around us are actually caused by chemical reactions, such as the change in leaf color and the growth of flowers.

Chemical products are important contributors to our economy. Sound chemical management throughout the life cycle of chemicals (from extraction or production to disposal) is therefore essential to avoid risks to human health and the environment.

Coins, however, have two sides. As Margot Wallstrom, a former vice-president of the European Commission and one of the architects of REACH legislation aimed at making chemicals safer, puts it: “Chemicals are a blessing and a curse.” Just as we maintain the benefits of chemicals in our lives, we must also treat them with care and care to minimize any harmful effects from exposure to them. Textiles used in clothing are sometimes processed chemically to enhance their properties. Finishing agents, for example, are used to strengthen fabrics and make them wrinkle-free. During the manufacturing process, the textile may undergo a series of chemical and non-chemical treatments. These include the preparation and pretreatment of fabrics, dyeing, printing and finishing. Some of the products used in textiles are highly specialized chemicals, such as fungicides, flame retardants, water repellents and warp sizes. Others are relatively simple chemicals or mixtures, such as emulsified oils and fats, starches, sulfonated oils, waxes, and some surfactants.

Research into nanomaterials has led to additional developments, such as permanent treatments based on nanoparticles and nanostructures that make textiles more resistant to water, stains, wrinkles, bacteria and molds. A spice is an aromatic compound with an odour. Aromatic compounds usually evaporate, so odors reach our noses. That’s why perfume is always kept in narrow-necked bottles. Perfume can be made from synthetic or natural substances. Most natural flavors come from plants, such as flowers, fruits, roots, bark, or wood. For example, geraniol in roses, jasmine in jasmine, citrus in oranges, and sassafras in sassafras. Perfume is a mixture of aromatic essential oils or aromatic compounds, fixatives and solvents that can bring pleasant odors to the human body.

The benefits of chemicals are entirely dependent on modern society. They also make an important contribution to the economic and social well-being of their citizens in terms of trade and employment. Global chemical production has increased from 1 million tons in 1930 to hundreds of millions of tons today. The chemical industry converts raw materials such as oil, gas, air, water, metals and minerals into thousands of different products. In 2011, the EU had the world’s second largest chemical industry after China. The exact number of chemicals on the market is still unknown, and new chemicals are introduced each year. The ECHA expects that at least 30, 000 existing chemicals will be registered in REACH, which requires chemicals manufactured or imported in the EU to be one tonne or more per year.

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